Pulsed underwater corona discharges as a source of strong oxidants: ·OH, and H2O2



S. B. Gupta, H. Bluhm


Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institute for Pulsed Power and Microwave Technology (IHM), PO Box: 3640 D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany; Email: suryakant.gupta@ihm.fzk.de




Because of undesirable side effects of chemical methods pulsed underwater corona discharges are emerging as a potential future advanced oxidation process (A.O.P.) for water disinfection. In pulsed corona discharges a discharge channel is created, which contains a non-thermal plasma with a low degree of ionisation and low electron densities. but with electron energies of up to 10 eV. It has been demonstrated that electrons with this energy can dissociate water and oxygen molecules and produce various reactive radicals (•OH, H•, O•, HO•2), molecular species (H2O2, H2, O2), ultraviolet radiation and shock waves. It is supposed that the combination of all effects leads to a very efficient killing of microorganisms.  To understand this in detail and to improve the efficiency of the overall system there is a need of development of suitable diagnostic methods for  the quantitative determination of the various oxidants produced during the discharge. In this paper we are going to present preliminary experimental results obtained with different chemical probes for •OH radicals, and H2O2 produced by pulsed corona discharges.